Conjunctions join two parts of a sentence and help to show the connection between the two parts of the sentence.
and tells you more
- We went home and went straight to bed.
but makes a contrast
- They are rich but they aren’t happy.
because answers the question why?
- We went home because we were tired.
so tells you the result
- We went home early, so we missed the end of the concert.
when answers the question when?
- We went home when Jane wanted to.
before, after answers the question what happened first?
- We went home before the concert ended.
- We went home after Max Jones had sung his first song.
although, though tells you something surprising
- We went home although / though we did not really want to.
if makes a condition
- We will go home if we are tired.
- A: after, although, as, as if, as long as, as much as, as soon as, as though
- B: because, before, by the time
- E: even if, even though
- I: if, in order that, in case
- L: lest
- O: once, only if
- P: provided that
- S: since, so that
- T: than, that, though, till
- U: unless, until
- W: when, whenever, where, wherever, while
|TIME||CAUSE + EFFECT||OPPOSITION||CONDITION|
|when||now that||even though||only if|
|while||as||whereas||whether or not|
|since||in order that||while||even if|
|until||so||in case (that)|
- both… and
- either… or
- neither… nor
- not only… but also
- whether… or